Directions for use : Shake well before use. Apply directly where infestation exists. Can be used on large dogs sparingly. Soothes and Calms: Can be applied to raw, inflamed and irritated areas to help soothe and calm. Fully HSE Approved – Licence No. 8163.: Full HSE Approval – Licence No 8163: In accordance with the Biocidal Products Directive, regulations require any product which holds itself out as any form of repellent to secure an approval and licence number from the Health & Safety Executive (HSE). This approval requires the active ingredient (Ai) to be listed on the label together with the amount of Ai being used. In April, 2006 Barrier Animal Healthcare secured the necessary approval and the licence number 8163 for this product. Staying Power: When sprayed directly onto any animal, it will rid the animal of all known ectoparasites for up to 24 Hours. Application: Simply direct the spray using the triggerhead supplied onto the area infested. Bot eggs: Bot eggs are the larvae of the adult bot fly. The adult flies lay eggs on the legs and around the chest and are visible as tiny yellow dots in late summer. As the eggs hatch, an itchy substance is distributed over the skin, encouraging the horse to lick and inadvertently ingest the larvae. Once in the stomach the larvae pupate and are passed in the faeces and hatched to complete the cycle. Spray directly onto the bot eggs and wipe away with a cloth. Ticks: Ticks tend to be a country problem, where infestations seem to be more of a problem in rough grazing, woodland areas. Ticks have a very complicated life-cycle and so are quite difficult to get rid of. Adult female ticks lay groups of eggs, which hatch to form a colony of young ticks. These attach themselves to grass stems where they wait for a host to walk by. Ticks gorge themselves on the blood and bury their heads into the animal’s skin taking on the appearance of a wart on the skin. Never be tempted to pick them off, as this can be very painful and often the head will come away and stay embedded in the skin. Spray the ticks directly with ‘Parasite Repel’ from our Equine Range or for small animals try our ‘Natural Flea & Parasite Spray’ from our Pet Care range and watch the ticks drop off naturally. Lice: These small wingless insects are present all year round and especially noticeable amongst housed animals. Because of its contagious nature, louse infestation spreads most rapidly when animals are in close contact. Female lice attach their eggs (nits) to the hair fibres and take about ten days to hatch into nymphs and a further two to three weeks before they develop into adults. It is just possible to see adult lice with the naked eye. By carefully parting the hair, movement can normally be seen at the base of the hair. They are grey/brownish in colour and the size of a pinhead. Biting lice are by far the most common, they feed on debris on the surface of the skin and their scavenging produces intense irritation causing crusty scurfy areas that the animal will bite and scratch in an effort to alleviate their discomfort. Sucking Lice can cause severe anaemia and infested animals can rapidly lose weight and become prone to other illnesses. Midge: Parasite Repel is excellent to use as a protection where horses or ponies may suffer from the allergic reaction to the saliva of the biting midge – a condition known medically as ‘Sweet Itch.’ Harvest Mite: Harvest Mite, bracken bugs and harvest bugs are names given to the larvae of the mite – Trombicula autumnalis. The first active stage in the lifecycle is the six-legged larvae which attack horses around their feathers. They are orange/yellow in colour and around 0.2mm long and just visible to the naked eye. The larvae are present on vegetation and are active during the day, especially in dry, sunny condition through the summer until the end of September. They tend to swarm and congregate around any warm-blooded animal in areas where there is little hair and the skin is quite thin. The larvae feeds by thrusting its small hooked fangs into the skin and injects a fluid which breaks down the cells underlying the horny layers of the skin. The larvae then sucks this liquid feed back into its digestive system. It continues to do this for three to four days over the same site until it increases in size three or four times. To complete the lifecycle the larvae then drop to the ground burrow into the soil where they remain for approx six weeks until they become an eight legged nymph and then an adult. The fully grown adult feeds on insects and plants, lays its eggs during the spring and summer hatching into the six legged larvae (harvest mites) to start the cycle all over again. The fluid injected into the skin causes skin reactions to sensitively skinned animals causing irritation and discomfort. Parasite Repel does an excellent job in helping to prevent their development. Living away from the animal: Lice and mites can live off the animal for up to 40 weeks and so it is very important to treat areas and bedding separately to avoid re-infestation.